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Johannes Schrock (Schrack, Gerrard) b. 15 Jun 1801 Gondrexange, Moselle, FR d. 21 Jan 1875 Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL: The Schrock-Birkey Connection
Johannes Schrock (Schrack, Gerrard)

Johannes Schrock (Schrack, Gerrard)

Male 1801 - 1875  (73 years)

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  • Name Johannes Schrock (Schrack, Gerrard)  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    Born 15 Jun 1801  Gondrexange, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Date is according to marriage record. Aug 17, 1801 has been used by Willard Smith.

      His father Joseph was the miller at Gondrexange during the birth years of his first children, so Johannes was likely born at the mill in the village. No birth document has been found. Nearby Ketzing estate housed many Anabaptist farm workers, so there were probably connections between the Schrag family and other Anabaptists living at the estate, and perhaps products from the farm were processed at the Gondrexange mill.
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1826  Blâmont, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • At time of his marriage was living in Blâmont
    Residence 1829  Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Miller at Cheppe, Commune of Dompcevrin. The mill was destroyed in 1914 during the war, only ruins remain. More than likely lived at the farm Chanteraine.
    Residence 1829  Cheppe, Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 48°56'11.53'' N / 5° 29' 35.00'' E A small village next to Dompcevrin that included Cheppe mill.
    Immigration Spring 1831  Le Havre to Baltimore Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 6
    • On ship list name recorded as Jno. Gerrard. Family lore says the trip lasted 44 days.
    Residence 1831  Lancaster Co., PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • No information found about the family’s time in Lancaster Co., PA
    Census 1840  Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • #155 (Brother Peter was listed also at #155)
    Naturalization Sep 1844  Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • Two men vouched for John Schrock: Michael Saltzmann and Jacob Taylor.
    Census 1850  Morton, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Counted again, John Shrock, age 50, being in the household of Christian Ackerman
    Residence 1832-1850  Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Census Oct 1850  Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • House #1175, Family #1316
    Residence Oct 1850  Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Living with wife Catherine, Joseph, Catharine, Peter, John; next to the Michael Saltzman family
    Residence Nov 1850  Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Left Ohio to settle in Illinois
    Census 1860  Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Page 176: John Shrock, age 60, farmer, b. France; John age 17, farmer, b. OH; Magdalene age 16, b. OH.
    Census 11 Aug 1870  Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Page 18: John Schrack, age 70, farmer; Jacobine, age 53, keeping house, born in Baden.

      The information below doesn’t belong to Johannes. Does it belong to his son John?
      Real Estate valued at $8000, Personal Estate at $2000. Living in the same dwelling were John, Jr., age 30, farmer; Phoebe, age 24, keeping house; Peter 3; Catharine 2, and Daniel 5/12. This family was living next to Peter Unzicker family in dwelling 119.
    Education In French 
    Occupation Farmer In Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL 1850-1875 
    Occupation Miller At Cheppe Near Dompcevrin In 1829 
    Occupation Miller In Butler Co., OH (And Perhaps Farmer?) 1832-1850 (Possibly worked with the Flenner mill, since his brother Peter lived at one time near the Flenner family.) 
    Religion Amish/Amish Mennonite 
    Died 21 Jan 1875  Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Railroad Cemetery (not documented, but the most likely)
    Person ID I458  Schrock-Birkey Connection
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2019 

    Father Joseph Schrag (Schrack),   b. 17 Mar 1772, Bistroff, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Apr 1830, Rhodes, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Marie Neuhauser,   b. Abt 1772-73, Gosselming, Moselle, Lorraine, FR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1826  (Age ~ 175 years) 
    Married Abt 1800  Gosselming, Moselle, Lorraine, FR Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    • Alzing?
    Family ID F3199  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Catherine (Elisabeth) Salzman,   b. 27 Oct 1804, Sarralbe, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1858, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years) 
    Married 8 Apr 1826  Blâmont, Moselle, FR Find all individuals with events at this location  [9, 10
    • The French marriage index says Catherine Hergi was no longer living at the time of Catherine's marriage in 1826.
    Notes 
    • Johannes was living at Blâmont at the time of the marriage and Catherine was at Bistroff.
      A publication of the marriage was made at commune of Rhodes at Bistroff.

      Witnesses:
      Father of the groom, Joseph Schrack, living at the mill at Bachats, age 52, and Marie Nayhouser, age 53, mother of the groom
      Nicolas Cherrier, age 50 years; Augustin Demontzey b. 1763.
      Michael Salzman, age 44, miller at Xirange, father of the bride
      André Chertz, age 33 years (born 1793), an uncle “par alliance” (by marriage) of the bride.
    Children 
     1. Joseph Schrock,   b. 17 Mar 1828, Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Dec 1901, Congerville, Woodford Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     2. Catherine Schrock,   b. 18 Dec 1829, Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1893, Morton, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     3. Johannes Schrock,   b. 11 Jul 1834, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Oct 1835, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     4. Jacobina Schrock,   b. 23 Aug 1836, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1837, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     5. Peter Schrock,   b. 1 Aug 1839, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Apr 1922, Fisher, Champaign Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
     6. John Schrock,   b. 26 Mar 1843, Trenton, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1935, Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)
     7. Magdalena Schrock,   b. 23 Apr 1845, Butler Co., OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Feb/Mar 1914  (Age 68 years)
    Last Modified 22 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F200  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Jacobina (Phebe) King,   b. 14 Sep 1814, Baden, GR Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Mar 1896, Livingston Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years) 
    Married 1 Feb 1861  McLean Co., IL Find all individuals with events at this location  [11, 12, 13
    • By Christian Ropp, M.G.
    Last Modified 4 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F174  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 15 Jun 1801 - Gondrexange, Moselle, FR Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1826 - Blâmont, Moselle, FR Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 8 Apr 1826 - Blâmont, Moselle, FR Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1829 - Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1829 - Cheppe, Dompcevrin, Meuse, FR Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1831 - Lancaster Co., PA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1840 - Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsNaturalization - Sep 1844 - Butler Co., OH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1850 - Morton, Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1832-1850 - Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - Oct 1850 - Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Oct 1850 - Butler Co., Lemon Twp., OH Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Nov 1850 - Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1860 - Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1 Feb 1861 - McLean Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 11 Aug 1870 - Elm Grove Twp., Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Jan 1875 - Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Pekin, Tazewell Co., IL Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Johannes Schrock.jpg (1801-1875)
    Johannes Schrock.jpg (1801-1875)

  • Notes 
    • “John Schrock, a native of Lorraine, was of German ancestry, but was educated in French, which he spoke like a native. He was wedded to a lady of Lorraine, Miss Catherine Saltsman, and when the couple were the parents of two children, Joseph and his sister Catherine, they came to America in 1831 leaving the port of Havre in the spring. The passage across the boisterous Atlantic consumed forty-four days. They at length disembarked in Baltimore, Md., very much fatigued from the hardships they had endured during the long journey. From there they went to Lancaster, Pa., and a year later, in 1832 removed to Ohio, and located on a farm which the father operated, and in connection with it rented a mill, which he managed very successfully, it being the business in which he was most proficient. While living in Butler County, Ohio, the family was increased by the addition of three children, namely: John, Peter and Magdalena, who were bright and intelligent, and their mature years have not disappointed the fond expectations, which their parents conceived of the little French-Americans. In the autumn of 1850, Mr. Schrock and his family removed to Tazewell County, Ill., and located near Pekin, taking up wild land, but subduing it by patient industry until at their decease they were surrounded by numbers of broad acres well cultivated and supporting numerous fine domestic animals. During life they were members of the old Amish Church, and died in that communion. The father entered into his rest in his seventy-fourth year and the mother in her fifty-seventh."
      —————————————————————
      Newspaper article 20 Apr 1935 (at event of son John’s death)
      “...Back in Ohio lived Johannes Schrock, German born and also a follower of Menno. Schrock found Ohio pretty well settled, but from the Mennonites in mid-Illinois he heard of a growing new land where acres were cheap and crops were abundant. So Johannes Schrock with three horses, pushed through from Trenton, Ohio, to Pekin and looked at this new west. He liked it. He left one horse here and drove the other two back to the Buckeye state. Arriving, he told the anxious wife, who had been Katharina Salzman in her girlhood days in Germany, that they were moving to Illinois. To Joe, the oldest youth, was given the task of driving through with the horses and cattle and what goods they had. The father and mother took the rest of the family to Cincinnati where they took a boat down the Ohio to Cairo and up the Mississippi and Illinois to Pekin.

      Joseph’s son, Jonathan, was later able to point out to his family an American elm tree along the road west of Bloomington where Joseph had camped under his wagon the last night of his trip from Ohio. He had the reputation of being an excellent marksman.
      ——————————————————————
      “The [Johannes Schrock] family located in a log house on what is now the Allen Miller farm five miles east of Pekin. They were made at home by the Mennonites here and kindly neighbors; and because they were honorable and thrifty, they prospered.” ,
      ——————————————————————
      Johannes and his family were counted in the 1850 Butler Co. census and were still there in October. They turn up in Tazewell in November. Land records seem to indicate John made a trip to Illinois prior to taking the family in November, since he had made arrangements to purchase land from the Niewkirk family before arriving. The sale was completed in December 1850. He likely stayed with the Christian Ackerman family and happened to be there when the census taker knocked and was counted again—twice in 1850!
      ———————————————————————
      From John Garber information, Walter Ropp records:
      “Danny Garber, whose death by blood poisoning followed a threshing accident, should come in about here. My old Uncle Christ Ropp, who remembered everything that ever happened around there, said that his grave was the first one in the Railroad Cemetery. John Schrock, six months older and much like him said, "I know your Uncle 'Crysthel' had an awful good memory but there's one time when he was mistaken. It was the third one." And now that they are both gone these twenty years, who is going to settle it!”

      Bishop Samuel Gerber many times officiated at weddings and funerals of East Bend Mennonite Church members in the early 1900s. While living in Tazewell County, the Schrocks were surrounded by Gerbers and Ropps, including Bishop Samuel Gerber and Bishop Andrew Ropp. The families were obviously close neighbors and friends, and attended church together. So it was natural for both Bishops to be involved in the marrying and burying of these people, even after they had moved to Champaign County.

      When Johannes and his family first lived in Tazewell Co., they probably worshipped in the old Railroad School just across the road from Johannes’ land. W. A. Ropp writes about the school: “This school was begun about 1840 and continued to operate until 1872 or 1873 ... about the year 1835, a company was organized to build a railway eastward from Pekin--the grade was finished nearly to Tremont when the panic of 1837 stopped the work. A primitive log school house was built near the newly-graded roadway and was named the Railroad school, altho there was no railroad within a hundred miles.

      “Most of the land already had been taken up by settlers, for it consisted of some small, rich, open glades just lying round to let the sunshine in, and a good grade of timberland covered by a magnificent growth of hardwoods and elms--tall, straight and clean-trunked--that gave the township the name Elm Grove.

      “The first settlers were families from a number of eastern states and several German families, immigrants from the Upper Rhine country... they said they were Amish. These folks came rapidly and bought out the earlier eastern settlers, so that by 1845 the neighborhood was predominantly German. Some of the early families were the Youngs, the Hodgsons, the Griggs, several Nieukirk families, three Garber families, six Ropp families, and the Unsickers, Sommers, Schrocks, Heisers, Kings, Yordys, Litwillers, Hochstettlers, Birkeys and a few others.“
      ————————————————————————
      The only known photo of Johannes has sometimes been purported as his passport photo. However, according to Wikipedia: “In Europe, general peace between the end of the Napoleonic Wars (1815) and the beginning of WWI (1914), and development of railroads, gave rise to international travel by large numbers of people. Passports were not usually required; there were limited wars which caused some exceptions.” And, photos would not have been used in 1831--photography in its infant form came later--about 1839.
      —————————————————————————
      Joseph Staker, in his discussion of the Schrock family, describes the land on which they settled: “The Schrocks (and Salzmans) lived on ‘ministerial’ land they had purchased from the State of Ohio. On Jan. 7, 1796, the Ohio Company set aside Section 29 in each of the ten townships of its second purchase for the support of religion. This set a precedent. When John Cleves Symmes made the Miami Purchase on Oct. 15, 1788, it included parts of Hamilton, Butler, and Warren counties. Congress approved his purchase but followed the earlier model by reserving Section 29 in each of the three counties for religious purposes. The State of Ohio was authorized by Congress in 1833 to sell or rent unused parts of each Section 29. The money from sales was invested, and churches within the boundaries of the original township received the interest and rent income until 1968.”
      —————————————————————————
      The family worshipped with the Augspurger congregation, where Johannes’ brother, Peter, was a minister. This group was the more conservative of the two congregations near Trenton (the other being made up mostly of Hessian Christians who were more “liberal,” using buttons on their clothes rather than hooks and eyes). No doubt the Augspurger group followed the customs of kneeling for prayer and foot washing with communion, since the East Bend Mennonite Church in Champaign Co., Illinois, continued these customs well into the 1940s.












      ———————————
      With regard to John Schrock in their household, John and his family were counted in the 1850 Butler Co. census and were still there in October. They turn up in Tazewell in November. Land records seem to indicate John made a trip to IL prior to taking the family in November, since he had made arrangements to purchase land from the Niewkirk family before arriving. The sale was completed in December 1850. He likely stayed with the Ackermans and happened to be there when the census taker knocked, and was counted twice in 1850.
      Donna } [1, 8, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18]

  • Sources 
    1. [S4] Johannes Schrock: His Children and Grandchildren, Willard Smith.

    2. [S17] Just Pete, Pete and Jennie Schrock, (The Print Shop, Fort Morgan, CO).

    3. [S134] Descendants of Christian Birky.

    4. [S129] Portrait and Biographical Album of Woodford County, Illinois , (Chapman Brothers, Chicago), Info under son Joseph’s entry.

    5. [S745] Promised Followup re Robert-Espagne Schrocks, Neil Ann Stuckey Levine.

    6. [S402] Schrock, Saltzman immigration.

    7. [S178] Johannes (John) Schrock Naturalization Document.

    8. [S398] Amish Mennonites in Tazewell Co., Joseph Staker.

    9. [S302] Marriages - Registres Civil, Tables Decennales.

    10. [S319] Johannes Schrock and Catherine Salzman - Marriage Record .

    11. [S348] John Schrock and Phebe King - Marriage record .

    12. [S329] McLean Co., IL Marriage Records.

    13. [S398] Amish Mennonites in Tazewell Co., Joseph Staker, 3 Dec 1865.

    14. [S129] Portrait and Biographical Album of Woodford County, Illinois , (Chapman Brothers, Chicago).

    15. [S739] Narrative given by Alvin J. Schrock in Morton at next to last Joseph Schrock Reunion in 1976.. Taped by Roy Schrock. Transcribed by Don Schrock.

    16. [S282] John Schrock Taken by Death, Age 92.

    17. [S366] The Old Railroad School, Who Here Remembers It?, W.A. Ropp.

    18. [S269] GeneaNet Family Tree of Jean François Lorentz .


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